BRCA 2 is a DNA repair mutation, which prevents (other) DNA mutations which might effectively prevent cancer. Survival rate does not depend on your age, but on the progress of this malignancy. BRCA is more dangerous in that it prevents DNA repair and thus precludes or minimizes the efficiency of chemotherapy. Prophylactic mastectomy is to a greater benefit in BRCA patients, provided that they survive the primary treatment, because the systemic risk of the initial malignancy will not be altered. If the malignancy has been characterized as “node-negative,” it is also a good sign.
Women that underwent facial rejuvenation surgery (facelift) are perceived as more attractive and more likeable, which reflects in their everyday life and employment. JAMA plastic surgery journal last week reported this saying that it illustrates a phenomenon known as “facial profiling,” an assemblage of cues we gather about other people from visual contact, in particular their facial expressions.
“This is part and parcel of our evolutionary makeup,” says Dr. Gregory Fisher, the expert plastic surgeon at Cosmetic Surgery and Laser Center of Cerritos. “We use it to assess the danger as well as likelihood of success in our daily interactions.” Dr. Fisher wrote extensively on body image and our perception of our selves. “This is another aspect of the same issue,” he told our interviewer, “we tend to approximate not only likenesses and dislikes to the dynamic facial expressions of others, but we also compare those and subliminally turn them inside-out, so as to align them with ours where possible and reject them if we find no likeness or similarity. Then there are what you may call ‘standard features’ of sadness, anger, etc. These were first described in the book entitled Mécanisme de la Physionomie Humaine by Guillaume Duchenne who used electric stimulation to determine which muscles were responsible for different facial expressions. Charles Darwin subsequently used Duchenne’s research in his work on the subject. Darwin famously compared facial expressions in humans to those in animals: whether the cheeks were full and high, thus showing happiness, etc..”
We all know that we judge people’s appearance, thus making our own deductions about their character. Such a judgment is often made within seconds of seeing the stranger’s face for the first time. Judgments about generic characteristics tend to be the same (e.g. perception of threat or welcome in someone’s eyes, their smile etc.). As the new JAMA study shows, these perceptions can be manipulated by plastic surgery, which changes the appearance of a person’s resting facial expression.
For the small study, the researchers took before-and-after photos of 30 white women who had recently undergone various facial plastic surgery procedures, including face-lift, eyebrow lift, neck lift, eyelid surgery and/or chin implant surgery. Then, each individual photograph was rated by dozens of study participants for six personality traits: aggressiveness, extroversion, likeability, trustworthiness, risk-seeking and social skills.
They found that the women’s post-operative photos were rated as being more likeable, higher in social skills, more feminine and more attractive. There was no significant change, however, in perceived trustworthiness, risk-seeking, extroversion or aggressiveness.
Why? “I made similar conclusions twenty years ago,” Dr. Fisher comments. “Face-lifts and lower eyelid procedures are the most telling here. These surgeries can easily increase the curvature of the lips, mouth, stretch the skin an increase the freshness around the eyes. Some of it can even be achieved non-surgically but, of course, the surgery will have more lasting result and a more radical and immediate positive impact on person’s life.”
A model whose bottom came second in Brazil’s Miss BumBum beauty contest has revealed the terrible harm plastic surgery wreaked on her body.
Andressa Urach, 27, spent a month in intensive care and feared she would lose her leg after fillers ‘rotted’ her muscles and had to be removed, triggering a life-threatening infection.
These photos show the shocking extent of the damage to one of the most controversial TV presenters in Brazil – a nation which has overtaken the U.S. to become the cosmetic surgery capital of the world.
WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT
Terrible toll: Brazilian TV presenter Andressa Urach, a runner up in Brazil’s Miss BumBum competition, has revealed the terrible damage wreaked on her body by plastic surgery after wounds in her thigh were infected
Miss Urach, who once made hotly-contested claims that she slept with footballer Cristiano Ronaldo, has reportedly undergone at least nine cosmetic procedures in the past five years.
They were said to have included a nose job, a bioplasty facial ‘correction’, jaw reduction, breast enlargement, liposuction and even vaginal lip reduction.
One of the most famous cases of awful plastic surgery gone wrong: Hang Moiku. This 48 year-old lady from South Korea, became so addicted to plastic surgery that she was left unrecognizable after her obsession led her to inject cooking oil into her face. She had her first plastic surgery procedure when she was 28. Following operation after operation, her face was eventually left enlarged and disfigured, and the surgeons she visited refused to carry out any more work on her and one suggested that her obsession could be a sign of a psychological disorder. So Hang resorted to injecting cooking oil into her face. It became so grotesquely large that she was called “standing fan” by children in her neighborhood – due to her large face and small body.
As Hang’s notoriety spread she was featured on Korean TV, viewers seeing the report took mercy on her and sent in enough donations to enable her to have surgery to reduce the size of her face. During the first procedure surgeons removed 60g of foreign substance from Hang’s face and 200g from her neck. After several other sessions her face was left greatly reduced but still scarred and disfigured, a true challenge for Korean plastic surgery.
The amount of loose skin is the deciding factor. After a dramatic weight gain-and-loss (pregnancy), tummy tuck will be the only way to rid you off the loose skin in your abdomen. Liposuction is only for fat loss and will not do much to the skin in terms of aesthetic improvement. In fact, if you already have loose skin, it might even exacerbate the condition, because lipo-suction is the suction of fat, the skin will remain and may overhand even more.
Tummy tuck is a more complicated surgical procedure than liposuction. In liposuction a thin, hollow tube (cannula) is inserted into the body, and fat is “sucked out.” This leaves minimal scarring and recovery is very fast. With tummy tuck, a larger incision is necessary, in order to expose the abdominal wall and remove fat. Abdominal muscles may need to be sutured together after the surgery, which may require complete quiet and prolonged healing. Anything like extending your arms or undergoing even light exercise within 4-6 weeks after a tummy tuck is guaranteed to cause complications and is therefore against Dr.Fisher’s strict directive.
COST: Depending on the extent and area, the cost of liposuction is from $3,500-7,000 and more. The average cost of a tummy tuck is about twice as much, simply because a tummy tuck is more complicated, requires more surgical expertise and also entails a higher risk of complications, for which you are paying.
EXPERIENCE is crucial and you need a surgeon with 20+ years of experience in the field to do the job really well. Do not hesitate to ask about the physician’s experience and expertise.